Smart Citizen KitLink

A note about versions

The SCK 2.0 was the development version for the now commercially available SCK 2.1 sponsored thanks to the iSCAPE project under European Community’s H2020 Programme under Grant Agreement No. 689954

Quick links

πŸš€ Installation: start.smartcitizen.me

🌍 Platform: smartcitizen.me

πŸ’¬ Discuss: forum.smartcitizen.me

❓ Support: support@smartcitizen.me

What is it?Link

The Smart Citizen Kit is the core of what we call the Smart Citizen System: a complete set of modular hardware components aiming to provide tools for environmental monitoring, ranging from citizen science and educational activities to more advanced scientific research. The system is designed in a extendable way, with a central data logger (the Data Board) with network connectivity to which the different components are branched. The system is based on the principle of reproducibility, also integrating non-hardware components such as a dedicated Storage platform and a Sensor analysis framework.

On top of that, the system is meant to serve as a base solution for more complex settings, not only related with air quality monitoring. For that purpose, in addition to the Urban Board, the system also provides off-the-shelf support for a wide variety of third party sensors, using the expansion bus as a common port. One example is what we call the Smart Citizen Station: a full solution for low cost air pollution monitoring.

The sensors

Have a look a the supported sensors in the Firmware!

πŸ‘‚ MeasurementsLink

All the Smart Citizen Kit new sensors generation measure at least air temperature, relative humidity, noise level, ambient light, barometric pressure and particulate matter (PM).

SCK 2.1Link

SCK 2.1 All parts

The SCK 2.1 components are listed below:

  1. Smart Citizen Kit 2.1 with Particle Sensor and battery (brackets or rain-proof enclosure currently not included)
  2. MicroSD card and microSD adapter to SD.
  3. USB cable and a USB charger.
Measurement Units Sensors
Air temperature ΒΊC Sensirion SHT-31
Relative Humidity % REL Sensirion SHT-31
Noise level dBA Invensense ICS-434342
Ambient light Lux Rohm BH1721FVC
Barometric pressure Pa NXP MPL3115A26
Equivalent Carbon Dioxide ppm AMS CCS811
Volatile Organic Compounds ppb AMS CCS811
Particulate Matter PM 1 / 2.5 / 10 Β΅g/m3 Planttower PMS 5003

πŸ““ Installation instructionsLink

The sensor comes mounted and almost ready to be used:

SCK 2.1 How to start?

The first step is to connect the battery. The kit will light in red (configuration mode) and we will be able to configure it by following the instructions at start.smartcitizen.me.

After the configuration process, data will be available on the SmartCitizen platform. You can explore the data there or download it using the CSV Download option (guide here)

πŸ”‹ Power managementLink

Battery durationLink

The SCK comes with a 2000mAh LiPo battery. The battery is meant to be a complete power option for short-term measurements and a backup solution when the kit it is used for long periods. For long exposures, we recommend to permanently connect the USB to kit. The battery duration is dependent on which sensors are enabled or disabled:

  • All sensors publishing over Wi-Fi: 12 hrs.
  • All sensors publishing on SD card: 13 hrs.
  • Without air quality sensors over Wi-Fi: 10 days
  • Without air quality sensors on SD card: 25 days

You will note that the kit turns itself off while operating on battery. Actually, this is what we call sleep-mode, an operation mode implemented to reduce consumption while on battery operation.

Battery chargingLink

The SCK has a micro USB port and can be charged like any Smartphone or Tablet using a dedicated adapter or a computer USB port.

We recommend using a tablet power adaptor, instead of a computer USB port, for quicker charging. Autonomy can be extended by using a Power Bank, or a 5V PV Panel.

User feedbackLink

The LED serves as an indication of the battery status. If the LED is flashing orange it indicates that the battery must be charged. The battery takes about 4 hours to fully charge. When the battery is fully charged, the LED will change from orange to green .

SCK 2.1

Remember that in addition to these colors you will have the state color of the kit: configuration, network and sd.

More details

Find more details under the data board section

🚩 User interfacesLink

The data board features a set of user interfaces which provide feedback to the user, as well as two buttons with different functionalities. The main RGB LED provides general feedback of the data board status. Additionally, two buttons are provided for user action. A hardware reset button, which forces a power cut to the board, and a power button, used to change the device's mode, turn on and off the device, and to perform a factory reset. You can see both buttons below:

SCK 2.1

The buttonLink

The main button interaction is detailed below:

Function Button action
ON Push the button
OFF Push the button for 5 seconds
CHANGE MODE Push the button multiple times to choose: Setup Wi-Fi Pink
FACTORY RESET Push the button 15 seconds for a full reset

An example is shown below:

SCK 2.1

Troubleshooting

Have a look at the troubleshoothing section to check how you can use the buttons in case of problems with your SCK!

Operation modesLink

Setup modeLink

In this mode, the Kit is ready to be configured in network mode or SD card in start.smartcitizen.me.

LED color Kit status
πŸ‘ Ready to be setup
πŸ”‹ Ready to be setup but battery is low, charge the Kit
πŸ”‹ Ready to be setup, battery charging
πŸ”‹ Ready to be setup, battery charged

Wi-Fi modeLink

This is the standard mode for a network that requires a Wi-Fi connection. In this way, the device will publish the data every minute on the smartcitizen.me platform. If there is an inserted micro SD card, the data will be stored in duplicate.

LED color Kit status
πŸ‘ Collecting data online
⚠ Error while collecting data
πŸ”‹ Collecting data online but battery is low, charge the Kit
πŸ”‹ Collecting data online, battery charging
πŸ”‹ Collecting data online, battery charged

Warning

βœ… The kit supports Wi-Fi WEP, WPA/WPA2 and open networks that are common networks in domestic environments and small businesses.

❎ But, it does not support WPA/WPA2 Enterprise networks such as EDUROAM or networks with captive portals such as those found in Airports and Hotels

SD card mode (offline)Link

If we do not have an internet connection we can use the SD mode. In this case the device will record the data on the micro SD card. Later we can read the card using a card reader. The data can be visually spaced in a spreadsheet but also published on the smartcitizen.me platform using the UPLOAD CSV option.

LED color Kit status
πŸ‘ Collecting data offline
⚠ Error while collecting data
πŸ”‹ Collecting data offline but battery is low, charge the Kit
πŸ”‹ Collecting data offline, battery charging
πŸ”‹ Collecting data offline, battery charged

Especial statusLink

LED color Kit status
⏳ Busy, please wait!
πŸ”§ Software update going on!

β˜” EnclosuresLink

If we want to leave the kit on the outside for a few days you will need to provide it with extra protection. Below you can see the well-known 3D printed enclosure (for versions without PM sensor):

A note about the enclosures

Previous versions of the Smart Citizen Kit, without the PMS5003 sensor, included a 3D printed enclosure that holds the Data Board and Urban Sensor Board, as well as the lithium batteries. The enclosure for the Smart Citizen Kit V2.1 is being developed at the moment. A significant redesign is taking place in order to improve its waterproofness and thermal properties. A temporary solution is shown below (build your own enclosure).

A prototype of the new enclosure:

SCK 2.1

Want to contribute?

Visit the Smart Citizen Enclosures repository to download, modify, or add your own!

Build your ownLink

Warning

Keep in mind that casing is designed for short outdoor deployments. If you want a case for long exhibitions abroad, we will soon have a much more rugged enclosure ready! Also, feel free to explore all our enclosures repository for this and other versions of our hardware.

Step by step

First, you will need the two 3D printed clips. You can download the STL file and print them easily on any RepRap or similar FDM printer. If you don't know how to find a 3D printer, you can look for your nearest Fab Lab or use 3D Hubs.

1.Use scissors to cut an empty plastic bottle at about 12 cm from the top

2.Use the rubber band to fix it using the bottle cap

3.Place the Kit inside and use the rubber band to hold it

4.You have now a simple enclosure to use your Kit outdoors for short measurement periods!

You can now install the sensor outdoors!

Software UpdatesLink

Sofware updates are release frequently in the Firmware repository. These updates will need to be applied periodically to the two main components of the SCK: the SAMD21 (main processor) and the ESP8266 (Wi-Fi module). Check the instructions under the Update the Firmware section for more information.